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Langmuir isotherm example

Adsorption - Langmuir Isotherm Example If the plot is not linear, then the Langmuir model can not fit the adsorption process. 9.3.3 The Freundlich Adsorption Isotherm. V = KP. 1/a (9.25) V: volume of adsorbed gas . K, a : constant (a is usually >1) Freundlich can be derived theoretically with the assumption that ΔH. ad. varies exponentially with the extent of surface coverage A combination of a Langmuir and Nernst isotherm, for example, can be used to express the characteristics of acid dyeings on wool, on silk and on nylon (Aspland, 1997, p. 252). None of the models discussed so far explicitly takes into account ionic interactions between dye and fibre

3: The Langmuir Isotherm. A continuous monolayer of adsorbate molecules surrounding a homogeneous solid surface is the conceptual basis for this adsorption model. The Langmuir isotherm is formally equivalent to the Hill equation in biochemistry. Whenever a gas is in contact with a solid there will be an equilibrium established between the. Langmuir adsorption isotherm - definition. Langmuir proposed his theory by making the following assumptions. 1. Fixed number of vacant or adsorption sites are available on the surface of solid. 2. All the vacant sites are of equal size and shape on the surface of the adsorbent. 3 Langmuir Isotherm (2) Langmuir adsorption isotherm is restricted to a monomolecular layer = 1 qKq pm +Kp At low pressures (Kp≪ 1), q=Kqmp(linear isotherm) Although originally Langmuir adsorption isotherm is devised for chemisorption, it is widely applied to physical-adsorption data. •Fitting of experimental data to the Langmuir equatio Let say we are using linear langmuir isotherm. The formula is : 1 q e = 1 q m + 1 q m K L find the value of q e. Using the formula q e = (C i − C f) V mass of adsorbent, and then plot the graph 1 q e versus 1 C f

Adsorption - Langmuir Isotherm Example - YouTub

The Langmuir adsorption model explains adsorption by assuming an adsorbate behaves as an ideal gas at isothermal conditions. According to the model, adsorption and desorption are reversible processes. This model even explains the effect of pressure i.e at these conditions the adsorbate's partial pressure, , is related to the volume of it, V, adsorbed onto a solid adsorbent In 1916, Irving Langmuir published a new model isotherm for gases adsorbed to solids, which retained his name. It is a semi-empirical isotherm derived from a proposed kinetic mechanism. This isotherm was based on different assumptions one of which is that dynamic equilibrium exists between adsorbed gaseous molecules and the free gaseous molecules Langmuir Isotherm - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

If we get a region of Langmuir behavior, we have saturated the stationary phase or overloaded the capacity of the column. Figure 12. Plot of the Langmuir isotherm. We might also ask whether you could ever get the following plot, which is called anti-Langmuir behavior. Figure 13. Plot of the anti-Langmuir isotherm The langmuir isotherm adsorption equation: The monolayer approach. Patiha 1, E Heraldy 1, Y Hidayat 1 and M Firdaus 1. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 107, 10th Joint Conference on Chemistry 8-9 September 2015, Solo, Indonesia Citation Patiha et al 2016 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci Ans: The Freundlich isotherm is empirical, and Langmuir 's model was a theoretical construct. Langmuir adsorption isotherm is based on the kinetic theory of gases. Freundlich adsorption isotherm is based on the assumption that every adsorption site is equivalent. Freundlich isotherm is a graphical representation energy of adsorption. Additional, the important characteristics of the Langmuir isotherm can be separation factor RL which is calculated by the equation 4.24 RL = 1/ (1+bQo) ----- (5) The RL value assumes the nature and the feasibility of adsorption process are specified in Table 1. Table 1 Nature of adsorption isotherm

3: The Langmuir Isotherm - Chemistry LibreText

1. The Langmuir equation or Langmuir isotherm or Langmuir adsorption equation relates the coverage or adsorption of molecules on a solid surface to gas pressure or concentration of a medium above the solid surface at a fixed temperature. The equation was developed by Irving Langmuir in 1916. The equation is stated as
2. In PUPAIM: A Collection of Physical and Chemical Adsorption Isotherm Models. Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) References Examples. Description. The Langmuir Linear Equation I adsorption isotherm is used to describe the equilibrium between adsorbate and adsorbent system, where the adsorbate adsorption is limited to one molecular layer at or before a relative pressure of unity is reached
3. Transcribed image text: At 25°C, ethyl chloride (C2H5C1) can chemisorb onto charcoal according to the Langmuir isotherm when equilibrium is reached. Batch adsorption experiments on the adsorption of pure C2HCl gas on a particular charcoal sample has shown that 0.1 g of C2H5C1 has adsorbed per g of charcoal when equilibrium is reached at a pressure of 120 torr
4. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption constants and correlation coefficients are presented in Table 2. To find the most appropriate model for the metal ions adsorption; data were fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. Results revealed that Langmuir adsorption isotherm was the best model for the metal ions adsorption onto ATS with o
5. e the values of the constants. Example 1
6. Reactions on surfaces are reactions in which at least one of the steps of the reaction mechanism is the adsorption of one or more reactants. The mechanisms for these reactions, and the rate equations are of extreme importance for heterogeneous catalysis.Via scanning tunneling microscopy, it is possible to observe reactions at the solid|gas interface in real space, if the time scale of the.
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the surface of polymer particles). The Langmuir isotherm is a famous example for 1:1 matching of adsorbate and active site: G G m ¼ KC 1 þ KC ðone-parametered KÞ G is the adsorbed amount per unit surface area, G m is its maximum value (full coverage of surface, or saturated adsorption), and C is the concentration of protein. K is th basis. Examples are the distribution coefficient, the Freundlich adsorption isotherm, and the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Chemical models provide a molecular description of adsorption using an equilibrium approach. Surfac e com-plexation models are chemical models designed to calculate values of thermody-namic properties mathematically Get e-Alerts. This virtual issue celebrates the remarkable creativity of Irving Langmuir, in particular, the isotherm that bears his name. Two of Langmuir's papers are included in this issue: a work on monolayers at the air/water interface and the publication, 100 years ago, in which the isotherm is reported mentioned, at low concentration a Langmuir isotherm may appear to be nearly linear. The non-linear form can be evaluated by transforming to the linear equation: eq 1 LL c n qKbK =+ (7) Other linear forms are also used (for example): LL eq q KbKq c =− (8) Figure 7.5 Example of a Langmuir Isotherm and the linear form of the data. Equilibrium. For chemisorption too, Langmuir's equation works very well but fails for the cases where multilayer formation takes place. 36.2 Adsorption Isotherms 36.2.3 Langmuir Adsorption Isotherm (contd..) Example 36.2: the volume of CH4 (corrected to STP) adsorbed per gram of charcoal at 240 K various pressures of CH4 is: P/(Torr) 38 55 78 104 133 173 21

Problem 3: Using the Langmuir isotherm, plot c/ Γ vs. c. Also using the Freundlich isotherm plot log(Γ) vs. log(c). It is obvious from the plots that the data fits the Langmuir isotherm (R 2 =0.9991) better than the Freundlich isotherm (R 2 =0.899). From the slope of the curve: Γ mono = 0.14 g solute g alumina-1 From the intercept B= 60.5 cm. K.Y. Foo, B.H. Hameed / Chemical Engineering Journal 156 (2010) 2-10 3 Nomenclature aK Khan isotherm model exponent aR Redlich-Peterson isotherm constant (1/mg) aRP Radke-Prausnitz isotherm model constant aS Sips isotherm model constant (L/mg) aT Toth isotherm constant (L/mg) A Koble-Corrigan isotherm constant (L nmg1− /g) AT Tempkin isotherm equilibrium binding constan On the Use of Linearized Langmuir Equations. Soil Science Society of America Journal 71:1796-1806 see also the erratum). Because the use of linearized Langmuir equations is largely due to the ease of using linear regression, we make available an easy-to-use Microsoft Excel spreadsheet capable of fitting nonlinear sorption equations to isotherm. The Langmuir isotherm is accurate under conditions of low coverage and high adsorption enthalpy (such that interactions between neighboring adsorbed molecules can safely be neglected.) For this reason it is widely used in studies of chemisorption and analysis of heterogeneous catalysis kinetics ii. Langmuir iii. Freundlich iv. Brunauer, Emmet, and Teller (BET) The most commonly used isotherms for the application of activated carbon in water and wastewater treatment are the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms. Freundlich isotherm is an empirical equation. Langmuir isotherm has a rational basis

The classical Langmuir adsorption isotherm equation is derived from reaction kinetics (Sohn and Kim 2005 ). Suppose there is an adsorption and desorption reaction of pure gas A: A_ {\left ( g \right)} + S \leftrightarrow AS. (3) where S stands for the vacant sites and AS the occupied sites with gas A. When this reaction reaches chemical. a) Use the associative and dissociative versions of the Langmuir isotherm to find the types of adsorption occurring. Plot on graph paper or spreadsheet/printer. Calculate V m and b (10 pts) Solution : The associative Langmuir isotherm can be written as : m 1 V b P V b P or 1 1 = mm P V b V V P Langmuir assoc isotherm CO/charcoa The Langmuir equation is. Figure 1 Plot of Langmuir isotherm. Note: The non-adsorbable value should be a bit lower than 0.8. If you choose 0.8, the graph will move horizontally between the two first (left) two points

Langmuir Isotherms Definition, Examples, Diagram

• For example, for the Langmuir isotherm, if x is in units of bar, and y is in units of g/mL, then K has units of 1/bar, and N0 has units of g/mL. Inputs: -x: The x-coordinate for the isotherm (e.g. pressure, relative pressure, etc.) -y: The y-coordinate for the isotherm (e.g. adsorbed moles, mass adsorbed, etc.
• Types of isotherms Langmuir isotherm Freundlich isotherm BET isotherm Dubinin- Radushkevich isotherm Temkin isotherm 21 22. Langmuir Adsorption isotherm History In 1916, Dr. Irving Langmuir presented this model. Langmuir was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1932 Adsorption can be physisorption or chemisorption Estimate the adsorption capacity of.
• The Langmuir isotherm is a theoretical equation that describes the reversible adsorption of a non-interacting adsorbate on a surfaced that contains a fixed number of identical sites. Therefore, the main assumptions of the model are: There is a maximum amount of adsorbate that can be fixed to the surface, $\mathrm{S_{max}}$

single-component isotherm properties (Langmuir constants) based upon coal characterization data alone. Six individual models were constructed (one for each Langmuir constant for each gas), each with seven input variables. The variables used for each model, their relative impact, and the predictive accuracy of each model are presented in Table 3 Isotherm modelling ¶ In this notebook we'll attempt to model isotherms using the included models. For example, trying to model the MCM-41 sample with a Langmuir model does not throw any errors but it is obvious that the model is not representative of the mesoporous condensation in the pores. : isotherm = next. Abstract: Langmuir monolayers can be assembled from molecules that change from a low-energy orientation occupying a large cross-sectional area to a high-energy orientation of small cross-sectional area as the lateral pressure grows. Examples include cyclosporin A, amphotericin B, nystatin, certai Abstract The extended Langmuir (EL) model is a popular multicomponent adsorption equilibria model, which can be based on single component Langmuir isotherms fitted on pure component data. Such explicit models are preferred over their implicit counterparts due to a lower computational requirement. An important shortcoming of the EL model is its inability to capture the adsorbate size effect.

How to determine Langmuir adsorption isotherm constants

Langmuir's model was a theoretical construct, while the Freundlich isotherm is empirical. In the Langmuir model, it is assumed that at maximum coverage, there is only a monomolecular layer on the surface. This means that there is no stacking of adsorbed molecules. What is adsorption example Langmuir isotherm:mx = 1+bpap where x is the mass of the adsorbate and m is the mass of the adsorbent at pressure p. a,b are the Langmuir parametersAt high pressure , bp >>1, thus 1+bp≈ bpand mx = bpap mx = ba option D is correct Because isotherm data from protein adsorption studies often appear to be fit well by the Langmuir isotherm model, estimates of protein binding affinity have often been made from its use despite that fact that none of the conditions required for a Langmuir adsorption process may be satisfied for this type of application Many adsorption isotherm equations have been derived including the Langmuir, the Freundlich, the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and the Dubinin equations. These are some of the most widely used isotherms but for the purposes of this project we will be using the Langmuir isotherm equations to represent the equilibrium state of our systems

Langmuir Example - YouTub

• For the Langmuir isotherm, the front part of the sample develops a shock layer while a rarefaction wave is formed at the rear interface of the sample . On the contrary, for the anti-Langmuir isotherm the front part builds up a rarefaction layer while the other interface is a shock layer
• If your machine is running v1.2ls you must use v1.6 versions of the Post Processors. For more information on this update please see the update instructions on the Langmuir Systems Forum. You must toggle both IHS and THC post settings to 'No'. You must set both Pierce Height and Cut Height to 0 in the Jet Tool Menu
• Adsorption:Example 1. Here we'll look at the basic shape of the adsorption isotherm, and describe how to do some of the calculations. We generate an isotherm by starting at low pressure and measuring the amount of gas adsorbed at successively higher pressures, in steps. At each pressure we need to wait a short time for the system to equilibrate.
• The key difference between Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms is that Freundlich adsorption isotherm is empirical, whereas Langmuir adsorption isotherm is theoretical.. The adsorption isotherm is a primary method that we can use to predict the adsorption capacity of a particular substance. There are two primary methods for this: Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms

Modelling and Interpretation of Adsorption Isotherm

Isotherm parameters obtained from the four Langmuir linear equations differed. Though Langmuir type 1 is the most popular form, but the type 2 had the highest coefficient of determination (R 2 = 0.931-0.984) compared with the other Langmuir linea The Langmuir isotherm has the form: The BET isotherm has the form: Both the Laugmuir equation and the BET equation were developed basing on similar assumptions. However, t'he Langmuir equation assumed a monolayer adsorp- tion and the BET equation extended Langmuir's idea to multiple layer adsorption. Since in most realistic cases, adsorption is. Isotherm studies are quite important in analyzing the mechanism of undertaken adsorption data (Kamau and Kamau, 2017). In the present study, three adsorption isotherms; Langmuir, Freundlich, and D-R models are employed and evaluated at three different temperatures viz., 298, 308, and 318 K with varying concentrations between 100 - 400 ppm restrict the equation of an isotherm to a certain class of equations, of which Langmuir's is the simplest example. Some thermodynamic consequences of the equation of state for mobile adsorbed fihns have been developed by VolmerO), who considered a cycle in which the temperature remained constant. Bein Langmuir monolayers can be assembled from molecules that change from a low-energy orientation occupying a large cross-sectional area to a high-energy orientation of small cross-sectional area as the lateral pressure grows. Examples include cyclosporin A, amphotericin B, nystatin, certain alpha-helical peptides, cholesterol oxydation products, dumbbell-shaped amphiphiles, organic-inorganic. • the adsorption isotherm, three equilibrium isotherms were analyzed: the Langmuir, the Freundlich, and the Redlich-Peterson isotherms. The Langmuir adsorption isotherm is perhaps the best known of all isotherms describing adsorp-tion . The theoretical Langmuir isotherm is often used to describe adsorption of a solute from a liquid solution a
• Langmuir isotherm model. n(p) = nm Kp 1 + Kp. Notes. The Langmuir theory , proposed at the start of the 20th century, states that adsorption takes place on specific sites on a surface, until all sites are occupied. It was originally derived from a kinetic model of gas adsorption and is based on several assumptions
• The (closed-form) analytical solution of the ideal model of chromatography was derived in the case of a bi-Langmuir adsorption isotherm model. This explicit solution provides the sample concentration as a function of the elution time as the unique real and positive root of a quartic polynomial equation
• Langmuir Isotherm Essay. 924 Words 4 Pages. Show More. Langmuir isotherm. The Langmuir adsorption model is established on the following hypotheses: (1) uniformly energetic adsorption sites, (2) monolayer coverage, and (3) no lateral interaction between adsorbed molecules . A mathematical expression of the Langmuir isotherm is given by the.
• The adsorption maximum claculated from the Langmuir isotherm was closely correlated with the surface area of soils as measured by ethylene glycol retention. The correlation coefficients and regression equations were r = 0.98 and y = 0.276x + 3.47 for 10 alkaline soils, and r = 0.96 and y = 0.641x + 5.73 for 12 acid soils, where y = mg. P per.
• e if the data conform to a Langmuir single-site isotherm. The data in Figure R10.1-1 are replotted in Figure R10.1-2 in the form suggested by Equation (R10.1-7)

Adsorption Isotherm (Theory) : Physical Chemistry Virtual

• 4. At 25°C, ethyl chloride (C2H5C1) can chemisorb onto charcoal according to the Langmuir isotherm when equilibrium is reached. Batch adsorption experiments on the adsorption of pure C2H5Cl gas on a particular charcoal sample has shown that 0.1 g of C2H5C1 has adsorbed per g of charcoal when equilibrium is reached at a pressure of 120 torr
• and total protein concentrations before and after adsorption on hep-CS/GH in bilirubin-enriched serum (bilirubin initial concentration: 305.5 mg/L)a
• Langmuir-Freundlich Isotherm Analysis describes the distribution of adsorption energy onto heterogeneous surfaces of the adsorbent. At low concentrations of adsorbate, this model becomes Freundlich isotherm, and then at high concentration of adsorbate, it becomes the Langmuir Isotherm. The parameters of this concentration can be obtained using the non-linear regression
• Langmuir Isotherm. Langmuir adsorption isotherm assumes that the maximum adsorption corresponds to a saturated monolayer of solute molecules on the adsorbent surface, having no interaction with molecules adsorbed from lateral sides 
• Using the pure-component isotherm data in Fig. 1, pyIAST can predict the methane and ethane uptake in IRMOF-1 in the presence of a mixture of ethane and methane at 298 K under a variety of compositions. For example, for a mixture at 65.0 bar, Fig. 2 shows that the mixed-gas adsorption isotherms in IRMOF-1 predicted by pyIAST (lines) agree with binary component Grand-canonical Monte Carlo.
• The Langmuir-Adsorption Isotherms (i) One of the drawbacks of Freundlich adsorption isotherm is that it fails at high pressure of the gas. Irving Langmuir in 1916 derived a simple adsorption isotherm, on theoretical considerations based on kinetic theory of gases. This is named as Langmuir adsorption isotherm. (a) Adsorption takes place on the surface of the solid only till the whole of the.

1. a at different pH values using the Langmuir iso-therm. Hsia et al. (1992) used a modified Langmuir isotherm to model arsenic adsorption on amorphous iron.
2. The Langmuir Model (Adamson, 1990) Often the amount adsorbed is measured as a function of the partial pressure or concentration at a given temperature and the result expressed as an adsorption isotherm. There are many empirical adsorption models, but the most common is the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model. This model assumes tha
3. Langmuir's theory of unimolecular layer can be extended in an exactly analogous manner to adsorption from solutions. The workable form is at once obtained by putting C in place of and x/m in place of V, a quite justifiable procedure. The linear equation ( Gas-Solid Systems: Langmuir Isotherm ) then becomes. [C / (x/m)] = C/k 1 + 1/k 2

Langmuir Adsorption - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

b) Test the validity of Freundlich and Langmuir Adsorption Isotherm. c) Values of constants , , and Figure 2.8: Langmuir Isotherm Illustrating the Relationship between Equilibrium Gas Content and Pressure. Figure 3.1: Dimensionless Rate Versus Dimensionless Time of Langmuir constants in Different Basins. Figure 4.1: Type curve at a constant Langmuir Volume and varying Langmuir Pressure Some examples of experimental adsorption isotherms. Thermodynamics of adsorption: The concept of the adsorption isotherm (cont'd) Langmuir isotherms (type I) are usually observed during adsorption of chemically active gases on metal surfaces, but also with non-polar gases (methane, nitrogen N. 2 , ethane) on zeolites, wherea For situations where the Langmuir assumptions do not hold, numerous other models have been proposed. Most, like the Langmuir isotherm, contain first- and zero-order regions over certain ranges of partial pressure or concentration. One common model is the Freundlich isotherm: where n is the weight adsorbed per unit weight of adsorbent From the Langmuir adsorption isotherm, From equation C/(x/m) = i/k 1 k 2 + C/k 2. Hence the slope of the plot of C/ (x/m) against C is the 1/k 2, and we get 1/k 2 =0.19. Hence k 2 = 5.2. Discussion . By a few simplifying assumptions, the Langmuir Isotherm theory can be applied in finding the surface area of activated carbon adsorbent 3. The.

C. BET (Brunauer, Emmett and Teller) isotherm: This is a more general, multi-layer model. It assumes that a Langmuir isotherm applies to each layer and that no transmigration occurs between layers. It also assumes that there is equal energy of adsorption for each layer except for the first layer If the Langmuir isotherm is an adequate description process, then a plot of c/N versus c will yield a straight line with slope 1/N m. If the area σ occupied by an adsorbed molecule on the surface is known, the specific area A (in square meters per gram) is given by A = N mN0σ×10-20 (4 isotherm. The isotherm is useful in determining the interactions between the adsorbate and the adsorbent. The extent of adsorption is usually measured by coverage,θ which is given by θ = (number of surface sites occupied)/(total number of surface sites) (1) Langmuir isotherm is concerned with the monolayer (single layer) coverage of th Anti-Langmuir isotherm. The anti-Langmuir isotherm is an overloading isotherm often used to describe convex downward isotherms in gas-liquid or liquid-solid equilibria . In this isotherm, the stationary phase concentration starts increasing towards inﬁnity when in-creasing the mobile phase solute concentration (ﬁg. 1(b))

Langmuir Isotherm - Marki

• Langmuir Isotherm Calculator. The Langmuir Isotherm describes a absorbate absorbent system in which the extent of adsorbate coverage is limited to one molecular layer. This isotherm describes Chemisorption. It is to be noted that concentration of absorbate can be used in this equation instead of partial pressure
• For example, various monolayer states exist depending on the length of the hydrocarbon chain and the magnitude of other cohesive and repulsive forces existing between head groups. An increase in the chain length increases the attraction between molecules, condensing the p-A-isotherm
• e the constants of the Langmuir isotherm and the specic surface area of the adsorbent
• 1. The Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm model at low sorbate concentrations is effectively gets reduced to a Freundlich isotherm and thus does not follow Henry's law. At high sorbate concentrations, it behaves monolayer sorption and shows the Langmuir isotherm characteristics. Fritz-Schlunder model equation given as follows (Mutassim & Bowen.

Langmuir isotherm equation. An equation, useful chiefly for gaseous systems, for the amount of material adsorbed on a surface as a function of pressure, while the temperature is held constant, assuming that a single layer of molecules is adsorbed; it is ƒ = ap / (1 + ap ), where ƒ is the fraction of surface covered, p is the pressure, and a. The bi-Langmuir isotherm calculation is carried out from sorption data for single-component systems. It is shown that good agreement of calculated and experimental data is reached only when protein-sorbent interaction weakens because of implementation of the competitive sorption mechanism

Example 19--Modeling Cd+2 Sorption With Linear, Freundlich

1. The commonest form of Langmuir's adsorption isotherm is. where θ is the fraction of the surface of the solid covered by adsorbed molecules, p the gas pressure in equilibrium with the adsorbed layer and A = A (T) a function of the temperature alone.This formula is usually derived by a kinetic argument which balances the rates of deposition and re-evaporation
2. Langmuir isotherm constants for modified oil shale ash Langmuir isotherm constants Heavy metal ion Q, mg/g b [R.sup.2] [Pb.sup.2] 9.407 4.016 0.9995 [Cd.sup.2] 12.05 4.416 0.9963 Adsorption of lead and cadmium ions from aqueous solutions by modified oil shale as
3. The Langmuir isotherm - derivation from equilibrium considerations. The basic idea behind the Langmuir model is the coverage of the surface by a monomolecularic layer. The model approach also assumes that only one gas is being adsorbed. For example Hydrogen is adsorbed on Nickel as an atom, not as a molecule

isotherms. The values of Freundlich isotherm constant (K F and n), Langmuir isotherm constant (Qo and K L), and its correlation coefficient (r 2) derived form Figure 1 and 2 were presented in Table 2. The adsorption capacities (Qo) related to Langmuir isotherm was found to be 1.296, 0.061 and 0.077 mg/g for COD, BOD and Color respectively Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich Isotherms Studies of Equilibrium Sorption of Zn 2+ Unto Phosphoric Acid Modified Rice Hus Which of the following statements are correct with respect to adsorption of gases on a solid ? <br> (i) The ectent of adsorption is equal to according to Freundlich isotherm. <br> (ii) The extent of adsorption is equal to according to Frendlich isotherm. <br> (iii) The extent of adsorption is equal to (1+bP)/aP according to Langmuir isotherm. <br> (iv) The extent of adsorption is equal to aP. Adsorption isotherm is a mathematical model equations used to describe the relationship between the adsorbed materials with absorbent material. Isotherm is also used to determine the required amount of absorbent material. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm is two standard models in adsorption experiments    